Semir Apparel (002563): Strengthening the three core logics of direct shareholding incentives

Semir Apparel (002563): Strengthening the three core logics of direct shareholding incentives

The main points of the report describe the announcement 北京洗浴会所 of Semir Clothing. The controlling shareholder Qiu Jianqiang transferred to Chen Xinsheng and Zhang Wei each of the 300,000 company shares held by them on September 2 and accounted for 0 of the total share capital.

0111%, the average transaction price of 10.

83 yuan / share, the earlier closing price of September 3 discounted 7.

5%.

Incident reviews continued to promote leaders’ direct shareholding incentives, and strengthened the transformation of professional manager models.

Mr. Chen Xinsheng, the transferee, joined the company in March 18 and is currently the Deputy General Manager and Chief Financial Officer; Mr. Zhang Wei joined the Company in April 19 and is currently the Deputy General Manager and Chief Human Resources Officer.

Neither party directly held the company’s shares before the transfer, and each of them held 300,000 shares of the company after the transfer.

In August 18, the company elected Zhou Pingfan as vice chairman and hired Xu Bo as general manager. Based on the launch of the two-phase interest stock incentive plan and the first-phase employee stock ownership plan, the controlling shareholder Mr. Qiu Guanghe in November 18 reported toMr. Xu Bo and Mr. Shao Feichun transferred their 537 holdings.

130,000 shares, 268.

570,000 company shares.

This time, the direct shareholding incentives for newly joined senior executives were further expanded, which strengthened the confidence in building a management team with professional managers as the core.

In the first half of the year, the main business continued to grow rapidly, and asset quality was optimized.

Regardless of K’s consolidation, 19H1 Semir’s main business revenue increased by 21.

4% to 67.

1.5 billion, gross margin increased by 1.

4pct to 39.

7%; among them, casual wear revenue increased by 12.

2% to 29.

4.4 billion, children’s clothing revenue 30% to 37.

300 million, children’s clothing significantly accelerated under the weak background.

19H1 inventory decreased by 2 from the beginning of the period.

200 million, an increase of 2 in the same period last year.

5.8 billion; meanwhile, the ratio of impairment of main business assets to revenue decreased by 0.

2 points to 2.

8%, the return after the expected period is also reduced by 0.

4.3 billion to 2.

9 billion.

It is expected that the report structure and channel-side inventory structure will improve, and the main business inventory will remain healthy.

The company’s main business maintained double-digit growth for nine consecutive quarters. Taking into account the contribution of e-commerce and sub-new stores, the high-end growth of the main business in the second half of the year is expected.

The three core recommendation logics have been continuously verified, and they are optimistic about the revaluation of the value brought by the company’s switch from casual to children’s clothing.

The height of the children’s clothing leader continued to strengthen, and the company’s children’s clothing business market share increased by 0 in 18 years.

7 points, the total share of children’s clothing brands ranked 2-5 increased by 0.

3pct, based on the increase in track dividends and competitive advantages, the children’s wear business continues to maintain rapid growth; the casual wear business has been transformed and transformed, and casual stores have expanded rapidly since 18 years.The local low-line large market taps the potential; at the same time, the governance structure is continuously optimized, and the professional operator team incentives are successively launched.

In 19 years, the main main business is still expected to achieve sustained and stable growth. The adjustment of the K channel and the 无锡夜网 new domestic stores have dragged down the profit performance in the short term, but given the improvement of the main business’s profitability and the certainty of performance.

At present, the ratio of the shares of China Stock Connect to the market capitalization of free circulation is 12.

6%, the expansion of foreign exchange reserves is expected to bring incremental funds.

It is expected to achieve 19 in 19-20.

0 billion, 22.800 million, corresponding to PE of 16.

6 times, 13.

9x, maintain “Buy” rating.

Risk reminders: 1. Risk of deterioration of the terminal retail environment; 2. Risks of less-than-expected development of emerging channels; 3. Risks of worse-than-expected merger and acquisition integration.

JAC (600418): JAC Volkswagen is expected to open the sequel to Volkswagen Skoda

JAC (600418): JAC Volkswagen is expected to open the sequel to “Volkswagen Skoda”

Company status We studied Jianghuai Automobile on September 11 and communicated with the company.

Comments Light trucks maintain stable profitability, and industry consolidation and progress amplify leading traditional advantages.

The company’s cumulative sales of light trucks this year have reached 130,000 units, every 4 units.

2%, mainly affected by the “large tonnage small standard” incident.

JAC light trucks maintained the second place in the industry’s city share (the market share in January-August was 10.

8%), which is the most important source of profit for the company.

As a traditional light truck leader, Jianghuai is biased towards the mid-to-high-end upgrade route. It is expected to continue to benefit from the high-end trend of light trucks and industry consolidation and clearance, especially to eliminate non-compliant vehicles and car companies after the “large tonnage and small standard” incident.The overall concentration of light trucks has moved up, and the leading advantages have continued to expand.

Passenger car profit pressure is tight, and product layout still needs to be adjusted.

The company’s passenger car sales reached 11 in the first eight months of this year.

40,000 vehicles, a decrease of at least 17%. The sales share of the passenger car segment has fallen from 15 to 16 years to 60% and less than 40%. Due to increasing competition in the industry, the company ‘s main passenger vehicle salesThe downturn and maximum production capacity have resulted in weak profitability of the overall segment.

At the same time, its new energy passenger car iEV series has also suffered from the impact of compensating the decline, and sales have increased in recent months.

We believe that the company still needs to adjust the layout of passenger car products, adjust existing products, dispose of assets and production capacity that drag down profitability, and focus more on the profitable segment.

JAC Volkswagen is expected to become Volkswagen’s cost-effective new energy vehicle manufacturing center.

The first model of JAC Volkswagen ‘s new brand, Sihao, was unveiled last year. Last year, the company also signed a partnership with Volkswagen and Seat Auto to invest in the establishment of a new energy research and development center, which further deepened the cooperation between JAC and Volkswagen.

We believe that JAC, with its cost-effective electric vehicle platform and technology, is expected to become Volkswagen’s cost-effective new 合肥夜网 energy vehicle manufacturing center in China, opening the sequel to “Volkswagen Skoda” in the era of new energy vehicles.

We believe that if there is further cooperation with the public, JAC will also need to prove its strength through market feedback after the launch of the Sihao brand and other products, and be recognized by the public and the market.

Estimates suggest that we temporarily maintain the company’s 2019 and 2020 earnings forecasts unchanged.

The company’s current price corresponds to 44.

3x / 21.

1x 19e / 20e P / E, 0.

8x / 0.

7x 19e / 20e P / B, we maintain the company’s “Neutral” rating and maintain a target price of 5.

61 yuan, corresponding to 47x / 22.

4x 19e / 20e P / E, 0.

8x / 0.

8x 19e / 20e P / B, 6% upside from current price.

Risk cooperation with the public was less than expected, and light truck sales exceeded expectations.

CNOOC Engineering (600583): Offshore engineering construction begins to turn to recovery

CNOOC Engineering (600583): Offshore engineering construction begins to turn to recovery

Under the requirements of ensuring the safety of conventional energy, CNOOC significantly increased the capital expenditure for domestic oil and gas exploration and development, and the company’s internal business scale recovered rapidly.深圳SPA会所

At present, it is confirmed that the scale of reserves of natural gas and petroleum liquids at sea is expanding. Among them, the Bohai Sea and the western South China Sea are mainly enriched places of crude oil reserves, and the eastern South China Sea is an enriched place of natural gas reserves.

The Bohai Sea, the western South China Sea, and the East China Sea require construction of jackets due to shallow water depths.

Orders continued to grow, and orders in hand in the first half of 2019 hit a record high.

In the first half of 2019, the company’s in-hand orders reached 25.2 billion, a record high in 2014; the number of new orders exceeded the total amount of orders in 2017.

The company expects that the steel processing capacity in 2019 will be close to 190,000 structural tons and the operating vessel days will be close to one.

70,000, all close to the highest point in 2014.

The construction and installation of offshore platforms gradually increase in investment. The construction of internal jackets and blocks in the boom and the changes in the number of domestic offshore drilling, conversion of CNOOC investment increases, and gradually increase the number. The company ‘s largest proportion of construction and installation sectors will usher inConstruction peak.

The company benefits from the high demand for global LNG equipment manufacturing. China ‘s LNG import demand is the biggest driver of global LNG supply, and the parent company CNOOC has half of the country ‘s LNG receiving stations importing LNG resources from the world, which will help the company to obtain overseas LNG project orders.
The “overweight” grade companies covered for the first time have a high share in domestic cities, and overseas markets are also transferable. Under the policy background of ensuring national energy security and meeting natural gas infrastructure construction, internal business volume will continue to increase and booths will be reduced.Sales, and has high growth in the deepwater market.

It is estimated that the operating income for 2019-2021 will be 142, 16 and 18 billion yuan, respectively, and the realized EPS will be -0.

09, 0.

14, 0.

20 yuan / share, corresponding to -66, 45, and 31 times the corresponding PE, for the first time to cover the “overweight” rating.

Risk reminder: The energy security has not been substantially supplemented, conventional coastal typhoons have affected the construction progress, the US shale oil and gas production has far exceeded expectations, and international demand for refined oil has decreased.

Easily fights aging and often rubs body parts

Easily fights aging and often rubs body parts

Beauty is a woman’s nature, but no one is always beautiful.

You always have a day of aging.

Don’t worry, here are some tips for you to fight aging, just take time to rub your body parts, and easily fight aging.

  1. You can rub your chest with your left hand and your right hand at the “thymus” acupuncture points in the middle of the two ribs 50 times in turn. If you can rub your chest often, you can reverse the effect of soothing the heart.

  2, rubbing the abdomen, you can first left hand, then right hand, and then rub the belly clockwise and counterclockwise in turn, each 50 times, this can better promote digestion, prevent accumulation of food and constipation.

  3. You can rub your forehead up and down 50 times in turn. If you can rub your forehead frequently, it can make you better awake your brain, and it can also delay the generation of wrinkles.

  4. Rub your hands. You can rub your hands 50 times against the back of your hands and then rub your palms 50 times.

If you rub your hands frequently, you can promote the excitement of the brain and the whole body, increase the posture of the hands, soften and cold resistance, and also delay the aging of the hands.

  5. Rub your ears You can rub your ears back and forth 50 times with your palms. This can stimulate the acupuncture points on your ears to promote overall health and enhance hearing.

  6. Rub the nose. You can rub both sides of the bridge of the nose with the index fingers of both hands.

If you can do regular rubbing of the nose, you can make the nasal cavity unblocked and perform the preliminary cold and rhinitis effects.

  7, rub your waist You can rub your left and right palms at the waist 50 times, this can better kidney kidney and strengthen the vitality, but also can add back acid.

  8. Rub the foot first with the left foot and the right foot with 50 times, and then with the right hand the left foot with 50 times.

The foot is the “second heart” of the person, which can promote blood circulation, stimulate and enhance the function of the endocrine system, strengthen the body’s immunity and resistance to disease, and thus increase the cold resistance of the foot.

  Anti-aging methods for women. Through the introduction above, you should know the anti-aging methods for women. If you don’t want to get old quickly, then try these methods!

The Brain Mechanism of Depression Emotion Processing and Cognitive Control

The Brain Mechanism of Depression Emotion Processing and Cognitive Control

摘 要  抑郁症患者负性认知加工偏向是导致抑郁的一个主要认知因素,是抑郁症的一个稳定特质,这种偏向与对负性情绪刺激自下而上的情绪加工增强有关,表现为杏仁Excessive activation of brain regions such as the nucleus and fusiform gyrus; also related to inadequate cognitive control from top to bottom, manifested by insufficient activity of brain regions such as the dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulate gyrus.A theoretical hypothesis on the emotional mechanism of depression and the brain mechanism of cognitive control is proposed, that the occurrence of depression is due to the interaction between the excessive activation of the emotional processing brain region and the decrease of cognitive control brain function in patients with depression.Mediated by a vicious circle.
At present, it has been proved that there are still some problems in this theoretical hypothesis in terms of research content, research materials, research technology, etc. These may be the direction of future research.
  关键词 情绪加工;认知控制;相互作用;抑郁症  1 前言  抑郁症是一种常见易复发的精神障碍,据世界卫生组织统计,抑郁症已经成为目前世界的第四大疾病,预计到2020年Will rise to the second largest burden of disease in humans after coronary heart disease.
A global study published on September 8, 2007 showed that depression is more harmful to people than the four diseases of angina pectoris, arthritis, asthma and diabetes. Therefore, research on the pathogenesis of depression has been carried out in recent years.Become an important research area.
  The pathogenesis of depression is more complicated, and scholars at home and abroad have done a lot of research on it.
Among them, the cognitive mechanism of depression is one of the hot topics of current research.
American psychologists Aron and Beck proposed in 1976 that the occurrence of depression is caused by negative cognitive schemas. A large number of subsequent studies have confirmed that because of the negative cognitive schemas in the brains of depression patients, they are facing the outside world.When information is processed, it tends to choose negative information consistent with its own negative schema, and a negative cognitive processing bias appears (Mogg, Bradbury, & Bradley, 2006; Taylor & John, 2004).
Generation and persistence of depressive symptoms (Ramel, Goldin, Eyler, Brown, Gotlib, & McQuaid, 2007).
Previous studies have elucidated the causes of negative cognitive processing bias in depression from cognitive perspectives such as abnormal processing of emotional information or decreased function of executive control. Some researchers have also revealed the mechanism of depression from the perspective of neural mechanisms and found that the amygdalaThe abnormal activity of the brain regions such as the prefrontal lobe and the cingulate gyrus is related to the occurrence of depression.
In recent years, researchers have tended to combine cognitive research with brain mechanism research to explain the pathogenesis of depression from a neurocognitive perspective.
In the process, they have obtained many valuable research results, which have a lot of implications for explaining the occurrence of depression. Therefore, this article reviews the research in this area one by one, and further prospects the research direction in this field.
  2 抑郁症自下而上的情绪加工特点及脑机制  以往研究从自下而上的情绪加工角度来研究抑郁症脑机制的研究较多,研究较为成熟的脑区集中于杏仁核和梭状回Studies have suggested that excessive activation of brain regions such as the amygdala and fusiform gyrus is associated with enhanced bottom-up emotional processing in depression, 2.

1 杏仁核过度激活与抑郁症患者对负性刺激自下而上的情绪加工增强有关  Matthews,Strigo,Simmons,Yang和Paulus(2008)利用情绪面孔匹配任务,研究了抑郁症患者在加工愤怒、恐惧And behavioral characteristics of happy emotions and their brain activation patterns.
It was found that the response time and correct rate of depression patients in processing emotional stimuli such as anger and fear were not significantly different from those of normal people, but their brain activation patterns were different. Compared with normal individuals, the depression patients ‘Excessive activation of the lateral amygdala.
In addition, Matthews et al. Also studied the connection between the amygdala and other parts of the activation feature[called “functional coupling”].
They found that in patients with depression, the bilateral amygdala and subgenual cingulate function decreased, while the functional synergy increased with supragenual cingulate.
Moreover, as the symptoms of depression worsen, the functional union of the bilateral amygdala and the upper cingulate gyrus becomes worse.
They believe that because the upper cingulate gyrus is related to the cognitive regulation of emotions, and the lower cingulate gyrus is related to the processing of negative self-related information, it shows that the worse the cognitive control ability of mood in depression patients, the easier it is to processNegative information related to self.
Savitz and Drevets found that in patients with unidirectional depression or major depression, the amygdala is over-activated during negative perceptual stimulation (Savltz & Drevets, 2009).
Other researchers have also found that when paying attention to negative emotional stimulation (Surguladze, Brammer, Keedwell, Giampietro, Young, Travis, et al, 2005; Dannlowski, Ohrmann, Baue5 Kugel, Arolt, Heindel, et al, 2007),During memory (Hamilton & Gotlib, 2008), brain regions such as the amygdala of patients with depression were overactivated.
In addition, research on patients with depression and relapses has also yielded similar results. Ramel et al. (2007) conducted mood-induced induction of patients with depression and relapses, and allowed them to perform self-correlation evaluation on the emotional words presented, and freely recall them after a period of time.The results found that after the induction of negative mood, when encoding emotional words, bilateral amygdala in patients with depression recurrence significantly activated, and the increased activity of bilateral amygdala would predict the increase of negative self-related vocabulary recall, indicating that bothThe significant activation of the lateral amygdala may be one of the factors for the recurrence of depression.
  2.(2) Excessive activation of the fusiform gyrus is related to the enhancement of bottom-up emotional processing of negative stimuli in depression patients. In addition to the amygdala, the fusiform gyrus is also a significant area of abnormal activity during negative emotional processing in depressed individuals.
Surguladze et al. (2005) used sad face photos as experimental materials to study the brain activation patterns of patients with major depression when processing sad emotions.
It was found that, compared with normal individuals, patients with major depression had excessive activation in areas such as the right fusiform gyrus, indicating that depression may also be related to excessive activation in areas such as the right fusiform gyrus.
In addition, research on depression-susceptible people has also reached a consistent conclusion. Chan, Norbury, Goodwin, and Harmer (1009) divided depression-susceptible people into high-risk depression groups and low-risk groups, and studied their happiness in processing.And fear activation modes when emotional faces.
It was found that, compared with happy emotional faces, fearful emotional faces caused significant increases in the activities of the right fusiform gyrus and the left middle gyrus in the high-risk group of depression, but not in the low-risk group of depression;The activities of the right amygdala, cerebellum, left middle gyrus, and bilateral parietal lobes of people at high risk of depression all increased significantly, indicating that although patients with high susceptibility to depression did not show significant symptoms of depression, their spindle-like gyrus and other brainsThe function of the zone may have experienced selective anomalies.
Robe ~ son, Wang, Diaz, Aiello, Gersing, Beyer et al. (2007), from the perspective of depression treatment, proved that the occurrence of depression may be related to the excessive activation of the right fusiform gyrus.
After antidepressant treatment, when patients with depression processed negative information, their activities in the right fusiform gyrus, orbital prefrontal cortex, and right amygdala decreased significantly.
  The above studies seem to indicate that the negative cognitive processing bias of patients with depression may reflect an enhanced bottom-up response to negative emotional stimuli (bottom-up emotional processing), as well as the amygdala and fusiform gyrus.Zones are related to excessive activation.
也就是说,当抑郁症患者对情绪性刺激进行知觉、评估和反应(情绪加工)时,负性情绪刺激使其自下而上的反  应增强(杏仁核、梭状回等脑区过度激活)Therefore, patients experience more negative emotions, which can lead to depression.
  3 Top-down cognitive control features and brain mechanisms of depression 3.

1 前额叶区域活性不足与抑郁症患者自上而下  的认知控制功能低下有关  Bremner,Vythilingam,Vermetten,Vaccarino和Chamey(2004)探讨了被试完成口述记忆编码任务(verbal declarative memory encoding)时的Brain activation pattern.
In this task, the subjects need to exclude the interference of other information and write down the words containing the letter “D” and recall the content of a paragraph heard, and found that, compared with normal individuals, patients with depression complete this taskAnterior cingulate gyrus, hippocampus and other brain areas were significantly insufficient.
Siegle, Thompson, Ca ~ eg Steinhauerae, and 7hasea (2007) asked participants to complete a digitsorting task that requires careful control of participation.
The results also showed that compared with normal individuals, the activity of brain regions such as the dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex decreased significantly in patients with depression.
This is in line with Savitz and Drevets (savitz & Drevets, 2009).
In addition, Holmes and Pizzagalli (2008a) used event-related potentials (ERP) technology to enable subjects to complete the word Stroop task requiring cognitive control.It was found that patients with depression experienced greater interference than normal individuals in completing this task, a greater chance of errors, decreased cognitive control, and showed a significant decrease in the amplitude of brain potentials such as N2 and N450. Moreover, Holmes et al.The analysis of brain potentials of brain potentials found that they were located in the left lateral lateral prefrontal cortex and the dorsal anterior cingulate gyrus. The results confirmed the previous research viewpoint.
  Although there are research findings (Wagner.
Sinsel, Sobanski, K6hler, Marinou, Mentzel, et aL, 2006; Wanner, Koch, Schachtzabel, Reichenbach, Saue ~ & Schl6sser, 2008; Holmes & Pizzagalli, 2008b; Schl6sser, Wagne ~ Koch, Dahnke, Reichenbach, & Sauer, 2008)Excessive activation of brain regions such as the dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulate gyrus occurs when patients complete cognitive control tasks, but researchers believe that it is still caused by insufficient top-down cognitive control functions, that is, in order to obtain the same as normal individualsIn terms of behavioral manifestations, depression patients need to have greater activation of cognitive control brain areas in order to obtain more brain resources to complete tasks, indicating that top-down cognitive control functions of patients with depression are damaged.
The author believes that the reason for the inconsistency lies in the results.
Most of the latter studies involve more complex cognitive processes, and more brain regions participate in this process, so there is a phenomenon of excessive activation of brain regions. Future research can be used as a research point to explore the cognitive control of different difficulties.Differences between neural mechanisms.
  3.2 不同脑区的相互作用模型  除了研究抑郁症患者认知控制相关脑区的单独激活模式外,研究者进一步关注了抑郁症患者认知控制相关脑区间的相互作用模式,正是由于多个认It is known that the interaction between the brain regions is controlled, causing depression.
  SchlOsser et al. (2008) used depression to complete the S ~ ooo color task, and used a dynamic cause model analysis method to study its frontal cortex (dorsal prefrontal cortex, ventrolateral prefrontal cortex) and cingulateThe interrelationships between gyrus (nose-side anterior cingulate gyrus, dorsal-side anterior cingulate gyrus) (see Figure 1).
In the experiment, they first assumed a model (see model 1), where visual information was input from the sensory region of the brain (V1), and then passed into the dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex and the ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, respectively.
After reaching the dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex and ventral lateral prefrontal cortex (the “information exchange” between the two), the information is transmitted to the dorsal anterior cingulate gyrus, and finally to the anteroposterior cingulate gyrus. In this process, the anteriorThe cingulate is an advanced “cognitive control area”, which is mainly responsible for error monitoring and conflict resolution.
The dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex and ventral prefrontal cortex are “executive control areas”, which are responsible for executing commands issued by the “cognitive control areas”.
This view is not consistent with the view of the conflict monitoring model. The conflict monitoring model (Botvinick, Braver, Barch, & Cohen, 2001; Badre & Wagner, 2004) believes that the anterior cingulate monitors conflicts and transmits signals to the lateral prefrontal cortex to complete cognition.control.
Which of the two views is correct, or the third case, remains to be confirmed by further research.
  Anatomically, the dorsal anterior cingulate gyrus and the anterior cingulate gyrus are two closely related subregions. Therefore, the researchers hypothesized whether a second model exists (see Model 2).That is, there may be a direct “information exchange” phenomenon between the dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex, ventral lateral prefrontal cortex, and the anterior cingulate gyrus.
After experimental verification, the results support the first model.
  From the above research, we found that the negative cognitive processing bias of patients with depression may reflect insufficient top-down cognitive control function and insufficient activation of brain regions such as the lateral dorsal prefrontal cortex and dorsal anterior cingulate gyrus.Relevant (Cognitive control of brain regions may be a function of multiple brain regions).
In other words, when patients with depression perform cognitive processing on external stimuli, due to insufficient top-down cognitive control functions (insufficient activation of brain regions such as the dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex and dorsal anterior cingulate gyrus), the negativeDisturbance caused by sexual emotional information, so negative cognitive processing bias occurs, which leads to depression.
  4 抑郁症自下而上的情绪加工与自上而下的认知控制的相互作用特点及理论假设  以上的研究要么从抑郁症患者自下而上的情绪加工(如杏仁核、梭状回等Excessive activation of the brain area) to explain the occurrence of depression; or to understand depression from the top-down cognitive control (such as reduced brain areas such as the dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex).
However, do emotion processing and cognitive control work independently to produce negative cognitive processing bias and cause depression; or do interactions produce negative cognitive processing bias that collectively cause depression?
Current research does not fully answer this question, but it does useful exploration.
  Siegle et al. (2007) asked depression patients to complete an emotional processing task (emotion word evaluation task) and an execution task (digital classification task).
It was found that the activity of the amygdala of patients with depression increased when the task of emotional processing was completed; the activity of the dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex decreased when the task was completed.
However, in the study by Seigle et al., Since the tasks completed are two independent tasks, it is difficult to determine how the emotional processing and cognitive control of depression interact and affect each other.
Dichter, Felder, and Smoski (2009) asked subjects to respond to occasional target stimuli in the context of emotional or neutral stimuli. It was found that the processing of emotional background interferes with cognitive control processes and is relative to normal individuals.In terms of depression, patients with depression are more affected by emotional disturbances when they complete cognitive control tasks.
In addition, Fales, Barch, Rundle, Mintun, Snyder, and Cohen (2008) integrated emotional processing tasks with executive tasks. Static observation using functional magnetic resonance technology found that the emotional processing brain regions (amygdala, anterior buckle) of patients with depressionBandback, etc.) Excessive activation and cognitive control of brain regions (dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex, dorsal anterior cingulate gyrus, etc.) have reduced activity, and suggested that there may be interactions between the two, Banich, Mackiewicz, Depue, Whitmer, MillerAnd Heller (2009) found from literature analysis that the influence of emotional information processing on the left dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex brain area related to cognitive control is up-down, while the dorsal lateral prefrontal cortex and dorsal frontal buckleBringing back also has an important effect on the suppression of emotional information processing or controlling emotional responses.
  Based on the results of the above research, we further infer that the emotional processing and cognitive control of depression patients interact to produce negative cognitive processing bias and jointly mediate depression. That is, when patients with depression undergo negative emotional stimulation processing, from the bottomThe upper emotional processing is enhanced (the amygdala, fusiform gyrus and other brain areas are activated). The enhancement of emotional processing will cause cognitive control to decline, due to insufficient top-down cognitive control ability (low prefrontal activity),The inhibitory effect on emotional processing is weakened, emotional processing is further enhanced (overactive activation of brain regions such as the amygdala and fusiform gyrus), cognitive control continues to decline (prefrontal activity continues to decrease), and emotional processing is excessively enhanced.The vicious circle between over-enhancement of processing and reduction of cognitive control function produces negative cognitive processing bias and causes depression.
  First of all, the theory hypothesis can be confirmed by graphic theory. Graphic theory believes that when individuals process external information, they will gradually store the information in the brain in a certain way. This stored knowledge will affectHow new information is processed.
For patients with depression, negative processing (bottom-up emotional processing) of external information in the past will cause them to gradually produce a negative cognitive icon in the brain.
When external information is processed, negative cognitive icons play a top-down control role, prompting depression patients to organize and explain past and current experiences in a negative way.
Negative cognitive processing bias.
A vicious circle is formed between emotional processing and cognitive control, causing the development and persistence of depressive symptoms (Ramel, Goldin, Eyler, Brown, Gotlib, & McQuaid, 2007).
  In addition, the theoretical hypothesis is also supported by clinical evidence. Wang Yiniu and Luo Yuejia (2004) found that there is a pathway in the human brain, the “orbital gyrus-frontal lobe-temporal lobe-amygdala” pathway, and this connectionPathway damage can lead to patient’s emotional apathy, affect the ability to predict future emotional events, and make it impossible to adjust behaviors in a timely manner. In addition, repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) studies have also found that high-frequency magnetic stimulation canExciting the horizontally-connected neurons in the cerebral cortex, increasing the functional level of the frontal cortex (left lateral lateral prefrontal cortex, etc.) and inhibiting the brain’s biased processing of negative emotional information can relieve depression in patients with depressionEffect of Symptoms (Mitchell & Loo, 2006; Mogg, Pluck, Eranti, Landau, Purvis, Brown, et al, 2008).
  5 Limitations and Prospects in the Current Research In summary, negative cognitive processing bias in patients with depression is a major cognitive factor leading to depression and a stable characteristic of depression.
This bias is related to the enhanced bottom-up processing of negative emotional stimuli, as well as the lack of top-down cognitive control.
The two may interact with each other to produce negative cognitive processing bias and jointly mediate depression.
The research on the interaction between emotional processing and cognitive control in patients with depression still has many limitations at this stage. In summary, there are three main points: First, from the content of the study, some studies have only examined the emotional processing and recognition of patients with depression.The effect of cognitive control is not examined, but the effect of cognitive control on emotional processing has not been investigated; some studies have only examined the one-way effect of emotional processing and cognitive control in patients with depression, and have not examined the effects of emotional processing and cognitive control in patients with depression.Two-way action, and to truly reveal the interaction between the two, we must consider the effects of emotional processing on cognitive control, the effect of cognitive control on emotional processing, and the interaction between emotional processing and cognitive control.The system reveals the interaction mechanism of emotional processing and cognitive control in patients with depression.
  Second, from the perspective of research materials, most of the current studies in this area use fear emotional stimulation. However, existing studies have shown that anxiety patients have a high degree of arousal to fear pictures (Bishop, Duncan, & Lawrence, 2004), and depressionPatients, they are more sensitive to sad emotions (Gollan, Pane, McCloskey, & Coccaro, 2008,), and have a higher degree of arousal, so using pictures of sad faces as stimulating materials may get more results that are consistent with those of depression patients.The actual situation.
  Third, from the perspective of research technology, most of the existing research in this area uses fMRI technology.
Although fMRI technology is characterized by good spatial localization and can better locate the brain structure of emotional processing and cognitive control, it can only observe the changes of emotional processing brain areas and cognitive control brain areas by static observation, and cannot directly observeTo how the two interact.
ERP technology is an electrophysiology research method with high temporal resolution. It can dynamically and directly reflect the interaction characteristics of emotional processing and cognitive control in patients with depression from the perspective of the time sequence of information processing.Therefore, in order to study the interaction mechanism of emotional processing and cognitive control in depression, in addition to using behavioral technology, fMRI technology can be studied from behavioral and spatial positioning, and ERP technology can also be used from the time series perspective of information processing.Study systematically and dynamically.

  Therefore, future research can combine behavioral technology, functional MRI technology, and events from three aspects: the role of emotional processing on cognitive control, the role of cognitive control on emotional processing, and the interaction between the two.Relevant potential technology returns the interaction mechanism between emotional processing and cognitive control in depression from the perspective of behavior, brain structure and brain function (static and dynamic), in order to reveal the neurocognitive bias of negative cognitive processing in depressionMechanism to provide evidence for the pathogenesis of depression.

What to do if the child’s tongue draws a map-

What to do if the child draws a “map” on his tongue?

Why do children have “map tongue”? Map tongue is a common symptom in children 3-5 years old.
Most children with map tongues are relatively obese. The tongue itself is generally not very painful, but some children are often accompanied by loss of appetite, loose stools or constipation, thin yellow muscles, night sweats or night terrors, and susceptibility.
The cause of the map tongue may be related to heredity, allergic constitution, germination period of deciduous teeth, intestinal parasites, indigestion and other factors.
It is more common clinically that mothers’ improper feeding methods make children develop a habit of picky eaters, prefer fried and smoked meat foods, drink drinks, and do not eat rice noodles, especially vegetables.
Over time, the body will be deficient in vitamins and trace elements, and map tongues will easily appear.
  What is the “map tongue”? TCM believes that the spleen and stomach are the foundation of the day after tomorrow, and the change of the tongue coating is a “barometer” that reflects the ups and downs of stomach qi.
Children’s spleen and stomach are weak. If the diet is uncontrolled, the spleen and stomach will be easily injured, the spleen will lose health, and the stomach will fall and fall, so it will send a signal from the tongue coating.
According to the color, thickness, and presence or absence of tongue coating in Chinese medicine, we can see the ups and downs of stomach qi, the strength of evil qi, and the severity of spleen and stomach digestive diseases.
According to the child’s tongue coating and clinical symptoms, it can be divided into two types: Tongue-spleen-stomach yin deficiency type children’s tongue coating exfoliation tablets vary in size, such as map-like, bulging edges, redness of the exfoliated face, and is different from the color of the tongue.Feeling hungry and not thinking about diet, low fever, fatigue, fatigue, weight loss, thirst for cold drinks, dry stools, night sweats when sleeping at night.
  The exfoliation surface of children with spleen and stomach qi deficiency type has no bulging edges, the exfoliation surface is smooth as a mirror, and its color is basically the same as the color of the tongue. It is accompanied by loss of appetite, thin body, pale or yellowish appearance, often drooling, fatigued limbs,Less gas and lazy words, a little activity, asthma, sweating easily, exposed eyes during sleep, thin stools, or although formed more often.
  How to get map tongue treatment? In addition to establishing a healthy lifestyle for children who have map tongue, Chinese medicine treatment can be given according to the specific conditions, and the diet can be adjusted.
  Children belonging to the type of spleen and stomach yin deficiency should be nourishing the spleen and stomach, nourishing yin and nourishing fluids, medicinal ginseng, raw astragalus, behenshen, barley, schisandra, yinchaehu, ground bone skin, fried atractylodes, raw yam, fried lentils,Habitat, Agrimony, Jujube, Dendrobium, Licorice, etc.
The meal allows children to eat some millet mung bean porridge, corn mashed sweet potato porridge, cereal oatmeal porridge, eight treasure porridge, etc., and change the food every day.
At the same time, let the children eat milk, eggs, lean meat, fish, soy products and fresh vegetables to meet the body’s needs for protein, various vitamins and trace elements.
You also need to choose apples, peaches, grapes, sugar cane, bananas, hawthorn, ume, watermelon, tomatoes, etc. according to the season.
Eating these fruits in moderation can not only supplement vitamins, but also nourish the stomach and yin.
But be careful not to eat oil cakes, fried eggs, pancakes, kebabs, fried peanuts and other foods, do not drink drinks with high sugar content, and avoid spicy peppers, mustard, pepper, dried ginger, lamb, dog meat and fatty meats.Warm food so as not to damage your child’s spleen and stomach.
  For children with spleen and stomach qi deficiency, the spleen and qi should be strengthened, and the stomach should be moderated.
Medicinal raw astragalus, raw sun ginseng, stir-fried atractylodes root, Poria, Angelica, Chenpi, Cimicifuga, jujube, lotus seed, bergamot, chicken gold, raw keel, raw oyster, floating wheat, licorice and so on.
Children should be given some porridge on their diet, such as rice porridge, yam porridge, coix seed, red date porridge, glutinous rice lentils porridge, lotus seed glutinous rice red porridge, etc.
You can also eat mild beef and mutton, but it is best to simmer it with white radish or carrots.
You can usually eat seasonal fruits and dark green, yellow or red vegetables.
For spicy irritations, indigestible fried and greasy foods, puffed foods such as popcorn, cold drinks or frozen foods, etc. Do not eat, to avoid damage to the spleen and stomach of children.

There are also many health guards

There are also many health guards

Anyone who is losing weight or wants to lose weight will feel very angry when she hears her aunt, because it is what caused her to lose her beautiful figure and leave annoying extra meat.

But are all aunts really bad for you?

Actually not.

Let ‘s take a look at the uncle ‘s family with you, and see who is the dangerous member of the uncle ‘s family and who is the savior in the family.

  1.

Dangerous molecule-saturated fatty acid It will increase blood plasma, blood vessels in blood plasma, and easily cause high blood pressure and hypertension.

Meat is the main source of this “bad aunt”.

It was originally hidden in three vegetable oils: coconut oil, palm oil, and palm kernel oil.

Unfortunately, these are among the most commonly used fats in food processing.

Some non-dairy products, like desserts, biscuits, cocoa butter in chocolate, etc. are their best coats.

These small corrupt molecules can speed up the production of plasma in the human body, just after eating a lot of fat.

  2.

Terrorist-Trans Fatty Acids Trans fatty acids are also called aunt hydrogenated or aunt turned.

It does not exist in natural plants and animals, but is made by us humans.

It is formed during the hydrogenation of liquid vegetable oils.

Liquid vegetable oils pose many problems for food producers.

For example, corn oil and soybean oil cannot be applied to bread, and some of them are bad.

At the same time, they will be oxidized by light, air and temperature and cannot be stored for a long time.

Yes, hydrogenation is the solution.

Because the vegetable oil is hydrogenated, it is not easy to spoil, and it will not spoil when stored on the shelf for a few months. It is also easier to make pastry when it is made; and it is also delicious.

Therefore, the hydrogenated vegetable oil is also called shortening, which is widely used in convenience foods, fast foods and pastries.

  Trans fatty acids will increase your LDL LDL (bad).

It is about to reduce the HDL high density lipoprotein (good) content, pushing both types of blood lipids in the wrong direction.

To make matters worse, they will replace part of the essential fatty acids in the cell membrane, hinder the metabolism and make you obese.

In addition, trans finance is linked to hypertension, diabetes, cancer, obesity and immune disorders.

The latest research shows that it will even increase the incidence of breast cancer, suggesting that women eat less of these snacks.

  3.

Health Killer-Omega-6 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acid This is currently the most dangerous fatty acid.

Saturated fatty acids and trans fatty acids, although dangerous, have attracted attention after all.

But omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (also known as linoleic acid) are still widely advertised by some as good aunts today.

In particular, some vegetable oil manufacturers, in order to promote soybean oil, corn oil, and sunflower oil, which can bring them benefits, are even more publicized “linoleic acid is good for health”.

  Omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (also known as linoleic acid) and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (also known as linolenic acid), both of which cannot be synthesized in the human body and must be supplemented from external foods, so they are also calledIs an essential fatty acid.

  Omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids are not nothing.

The human body cannot lack linoleic acid.

It plays an important role in maintaining the structure and function of cell and subcellular membranes.

Lack of linoleic acid in children will lead to developmental delay and eczema dermatitis, etc., lack of linoleic acid in adults will cause phosphorous dandruff, hair loss and difficult wound healing, cardiovascular disease, behavioral disorders and arthritis.

But the point is that the content of linoleic acid in nature and the human food chain is too rich.

The entire syndrome of linoleic acid deficiency has not been found in the human body, but instead the symptoms of substitution overdose have generally occurred.Excessive intake of linoleic acid is directly related to the incidence of our persistent cancer, depression, obesity, insulin resistance, allergies, autoimmune diseases and diabetes.

  Previous oils of omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids were: soybean oil, peanut oil, corn oil, cottonseed oil, sesame oil, safflower oil, and sunflower oil.

  4.

Good Aunt-Monounsaturated fatty acids (also known as oleic acid). They are olive oil, canola oil, camellia oil, walnut oil, big almonds and more.

  We can use these oils as foundry oils.

Scientists have discovered that monounsaturated fatty acids not only reduce the content of “bad cholesterol”, but also significantly increase the content of “good plasma”, thereby preventing cholesterol deposition and reducing the incidence of cardiovascular disease.

And there are no other detrimental effects.

  5,

The “savior” of my uncle ——Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (also known as α-linolenic acid) The effects of ω-3 unsaturated fatty acids (α-linolenic acid) on human health: The lipid-lowering effect of α-linolenic acid is significantHowever, its lipid-lowering pathway through prostaglandins is unmatched by any other lipid-lowering drug.

It has a full range of lipid-lowering effects, antithrombotic effects, blood lipid regulation effects, antiarrhythmic and ventricular fibrillation effects, and antistatic effects.

Alpha-linolenic acid metabolites can dilate blood vessels, enhance blood vessel elasticity, and thereby reduce blood pressure.

Studies have found that alpha-linolenic acid has a strong anti-cancer effect.

Can greatly reduce the growth rate of cancer cells; Can inhibit colon cancer, prostate cancer, prostate cancer, central nervous system tumor microangiogenesis; Can promote the natural death of tumors; Can enhance the efficacy of chemoradiotherapy; and can greatly reduceToxicity; can improve the cachexia of tumor patients, reduce weight loss, and increase protein synthesis in the body.

Alpha-linolenic acid makes it difficult for vitamins to penetrate the basement membrane around blood vessels and organs, thereby reducing the rate of transmission.

Alpha-linolenic acid can increase the sensitivity of cells to insulin and protect our metabolic diseases such as diabetes and diabetes.

Alpha-linolenic acid can subdue an overactive immune system, suppress allergic reactions, and prevent the occurrence of inflammatory diseases.

In addition to reducing the risk of coronary heart disease and certain cancers, alpha-linolenic acid also improves bone growth.

Alpha-linolenic acid can prolong life.

Alpha-linolenic acid protects vision.

The retina is especially rich in extracellular DHA. If it is lacking, vision will decrease and the retina reflex recovery time will be prolonged.

DHA, a metabolite of α-linolenic acid, can improve and protect vision.

Alpha-linolenic acid improves human mood.

Its metabolite DHA can significantly relieve depression, ADHD in children, and schizophrenia.

Alpha-linolenic acid is the best choice for weight loss.

It suppresses appetite and prevents unfortunate accumulation in the body.

Keep food in the stomach longer than non-fat or low-fat foods.

Facilitates the secretion of a hormone called enteropeptide, which sends a signal to the brain to stop eating.

Of all the nutrients that humans can eat, alpha-linolenic acid in flaxseed oil can best prevent the feeling of drought and make people feel full.

It does not accumulate in the body in the form of an aunt.

  There is an urgent need to improve the serious imbalance in the ratio of linoleic acid to α-zenic acid in the body. Because of the omega-6 unsaturated fatty acids (linoleic acid) and omega-3 unsaturated fatty acids (α-cornic acid), a competition for an enzyme conversion in the bodyDerived, excessive intake of one fatty acid reduces the conversion of another fatty acid.

So scientists from all over the world point out that the balance between the two is crucial.

The World Health Organization proposed that the ratio of ω-6: ω-3 should be less than 6: 1, the Japanese Ministry of Health and Welfare proposed that the ratio should be less than 4: 1, and the Chinese Nutrition Society proposed in 2001 that it should be 4-6: 1. Some scientists suggested the best ratioIt should be 1-3: 1.

However, due to the rapid improvement of living standards and the increase in fat intake, the proportion of people’s essential fatty acid intake in real life has reached as high as 20-30: 1, that is, linoleic acid is seriously exceeded, corn acid is seriously insufficient, and the proportion is seriously imbalanced.

This is the beginning of an improvement in living standards and an increase in the incidence of various chronic diseases.

  Lack of alpha-linolenic acid in the body causes cell membrane failure. Every cell has a wall-the cell membrane-its function is to prevent toxins, bacteria, viruses and other harmful substances from entering the cell, and to allow the various parts of the cell to requireNutrition enters the cell.

A malfunctioning cell membrane loses its ability to resist bacteria, viruses, toxins and other harmful substances from entering the cell and destroying it.

Aunt and oil are the main materials used to make these cell membranes.

If you eat good stool and oil, your cell membranes are functioning normally.

If bad fat is consumed.

Your cell membrane is not functioning properly. At this time, any disease we can imagine can happen.
Many of the causes of illness are caused by structural defects in the cell membrane caused by improper diet.
  When alpha-linolenic acid is deficient, the body uses a saturated, trans, or hydrogenated body to make cell membranes.

The shapes of trans-rare earths and hydrogenated rare earths are not able to build intact cell membranes.

The cell membranes created with them are broken and fragile.

If many cells above and below your body are breakthrough and fragile, various diseases will come.

  A diet that is too saturated with fat can cause rigid cell membranes and lack the necessary elasticity.

It hardens blood vessels, easily ruptures, and easily tears muscles and tendons.

Cell membranes made of hydrogenated oil prevent oxygen from entering the cells, while hypoxic cells cause cancer.

This leads to “modern civilization diseases” such as high blood pressure, high blood pressure, hyperlipidemia, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, diabetes, and cancer.

I ca n’t sleep at night

I ca n’t sleep at night

Click to buy insomnia at night can not sleep, many times will affect the next day’s work, study, or female beauty enemy, people who often suffer from insomnia, may wish to drink the following types of sleeping soup.

  Red jujube and onion white soup materials: 20 jujubes, 10 scallions, and brown sugar.

  Method: Soak the red dates with warm water, wash them, put them in a casserole, add an appropriate amount of water, and fry for 30 minutes on the fire; then flatten the onions, put them in the red date boiling water with the brown sugar, and continue to fry for 10 minutesReady to eat.

  Efficacy: Qufengsanhan, spleen and heart.

Suitable for neurasthenia, insomnia, distress in the chest, cold and cold, cough, etc.

This soup is suitable for spring.

  Eat: Eat while warm, eat jujube and light onion, drink soup, 1-3 times a day, each time 150-200 ml.

  Lily and Asparagus Soup Ingredients: 100 grams of fresh lily, 1 can of asparagus in clear water, salt, MSG each amount.

  Method: Fresh lily simmered into slices, remove the inner membrane, rub it with salt, wash it, put it in a casserole, add an appropriate amount of water, and cook it until it is ripe;, MSG is ready to eat.

  Efficacy: Qingxin Anshen, Runfei cough.

It is suitable for insomnia caused by heart fire and lung heat, upset and easy to panic, cough and dry throat.

  Consumption: Serve with a meal, eat lily, asparagus, drink soup, 1-3 times a day, 150-200 ml each time.

  Artemisia fish head soup ingredients: 250 grams of fresh wormwood, one bonito head (about 250 grams), 3 slices of ginger, vegetable oil, monosodium glutamate, and salt.

  Method: Wash the carp head first, remove the gills and cut it open with a knife; wash and slice the ginger; heat on a wok, add vegetable oil to heat, and add the carp head to fry until slightly yellow.

Add the right amount of water to the casserole, boil over high heat, put the sturgeon head, ginger slices, continue to boil over medium heat for 10 minutes, then add Artemisia annua, add salt after cooking, and MSG is ready to eat.

  Efficacy: Tonifying Liver and Kidney, Strengthening Brain and Nourishing.

Suitable for liver and kidney deficiency, dizziness and headache caused by disturbance of virtual wind, memory loss, insomnia, etc.

This soup is suitable for spring.
  Consumption: Serve with meals, eat Artemisia annua, fish head, drink soup, 150-200 ml each time 1-3 times a day.